Present Perfect Simple Tense

By Loke Keen Sun

We use this tense for unfinished and finished actions. It is as if a tense between past and present. Let’s look at explanation and examples below.

Unfinished Actions

1. We use this tense when we want to talk about unfinished actions or states or habits that started in the past and continue to the present. Usually we use it to say 'how long' and we need 'since' or 'for'. We often use stative verbs.

Finished Actions

1. Past experience. These are actions or events that happened sometime during a person's life. When the experience happened is not important. We often use the words 'ever' and 'never' here.

2. With an unfinished time word (this month, this week, today). The period of time is still continuing.

Be careful: we CAN'T use the present perfect with a finished time word.
E.g. I've seen him yesterday.

3: A finished action with a result in the present (focus on result). We often use the present perfect to talk about something that happened in the recent past, as a reason for causing the present result. Sometimes we can use the past simple here, especially in US English.

See! Present perfect simple is not that complicated after all.